1 Laura Gilpin to Edna Bennett, 12 December 1956. All cited correspondence to or from Laura Gilpin can be found in the Laura Gilpin Collection, Amon Carter Museum, Ft. Worth, Texas.

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2 "Our Competitions," American Photography 10 (November 1916): 615, 632. Biographical information on Gilpin can be found in Martha A. Sandweiss, Laura Gilpin: An Enduring Grace, (Ft. Worth: Amon Carter Museum, 1986).

3 John Szarkowski, American Landscapes, (New York: Museum of Modern Art), 1981.

4 See Barbara Morgan and Willard D. Morgan, "Desert Adventuring on Foot," Camera Craft 37, no. 4 (April 1930): 177-81; and no. 6 (June 1930): 283-87.

5 Ansel Adams, interview with Therese Heyman, Carmel, California, 24 March 1980, 3. Transcript at the Amon Carter Museum.

6 Peter E. Palmquist, Carleton E. Watkins: Photographer of the American West, (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1983), 72.

7 Quoted in Peggy James, "Laura Gilpin, Photographer," Colorado Springs 2 (March-April 1978): 18.

8 Gertrude Käsebier to Laura Gilpin, 28 October 1924.

9 Laura Gilpin, "Historic Architecture Photography: The Southwest," The Complete Photographer 6, no. 31 (July 1942): 1987.

10 New York Herald, 20 January 1924.

11 Laura Gilpin, European journal, 21 July 1922. The journals from Gilpin's European trip of 1922 are at the Amon Carter Museum.

12 Willa Cather, The Professor's House, (1925; repr. New York: Vintage Books, 1973), 226, 201. Gilpin attempted to contact Cather through a mutual acquaintance, photographer Alice Boughton. Boughton to Gilpin, 21 August 1929.

13 The Pikes Peak Region: Reproductions from a Series of Photographs by Laura Gilpin, (Colorado Springs: Gilpin Publishing, 1926); The Mesa Verde National Park: Reproductions from a Series of Photographs by Laura Gilpin, (Colorado Springs: Gilpin Publishing, 1927).

14 Gilpin, Mesa Verde.

15 Laura Gilpin, The Pueblos: A Camera Chronicle (New York: Hastings House, 1941), 7, 23.

16 Cather, Professor's House, 242.

17 Ibid., 219; Mary Austin, Taos Pueblo, photographed by Ansel Easton Adams and described by Mary Austin (San Francisco, 1930); Gilpin, The Pueblos, 38, 106.

18 Gilpin, The Pueblos, 123.

19 Laura Gilpin, The Rio Grande: River of Destiny, (New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1949)

20 John Brinkerhoff Jackson, review of The Rio Grande: River of Destiny, Arizona Quarterly 4 (Winter 1949): 369.

21 Interview with Laura Gilpin on the Rio Grande, MS, ca. 1949, 1. The Amon Carter Museum.

22 Gilpin, The Rio Grande, 128, 76,147.

23 John Collier, Jr., "Laura Gilpin: Western Photographer," New Mexico Quarterly 20 (Winter 1950-51): 485.

24 Gilpin, The Rio Grande, 236.

25 Laura Gilpin, The Enduring Navaho (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968), 20. Gilpin rejected the spelling Navajo because she thought it suggested the corrupting influence of Spanish culture. However, because that is the spelling now used by the Navajo Tribe, I have used it except in direct quotations.

26 Navaho Means People, photographs by Leonard McCombe, text by Evon Z. Vogt and Clyde Kluckhohn (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1951); Gilpin to Charles A. Pearce, 28 January 1952.

27 Gilpin, The Enduring Navaho, vii, 19.

28 Ibid., 91.

29 Ibid., 107, 223, 210.

30 Ibid., 250.

31 Ibid., 246.

32 Laura Gilpin, interview with Eleanor Caponigro, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 1979, 7. Transcript at Amon Carter Museum.

33 Ibid., 11.

34 Laura Gilpin to Charles A. Pearce and Charles Duell, 25 January 1954.

35 On Connor, see Linda Connor, Comments on Landscape Photography at Esalen Arts Symposium, 1982, Aperture 93 (Winter 1984): 50; Linda Connor (Washington, D.C.: Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1982); "Linda Connor" California Museum of Photography Bulletin 2, no. 2 (1983). On Marilyn Bridges, see Felicia C. Murray, "Marilyn Bridges: De Nazca à Monument Valley, vue du ciel" Cliches 13 (February 1985): 12-15; Pierre Borhan, "Bridges: Vol au-dessus d'une terre inconnue" Cliches 13 (February 1985): 16-23.

36 The New Mexico Photographic Survey with essays by J. B. Jackson, The Essential Landscape (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1985), 132. The book includes fourteen Rubenstein images.

37 The Essential Landscape, 109; Myers' Santa Fe Trail work is reproduced here and in Joan Myers and Marc Simmons, Along the Santa Fe Trail (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1986).

38 Joan Myers, "Japanese Relocation Camp Series," MS, possession of the author.

39 The Essential Landscape, 118. Peck's southwestern landscapes are reproduced here and in Texas Historical Foundation, Contemporary Texas: A Photographic Portrait, (Austin: Texas Monthly Press, 1985).

40 See, e.g., Anne Tucker, The Woman's Eye (New York: Knopf, 1973).