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Stacy M. Lindshield

Stacy M. Lindshield

Associate Professor // Anthropology

Office and Contact

Room: STON 311


Phone: (765) 494-5008


ANTH 100 Introduction to Anthropology

ANTH 204 Introduction to Biological Anthropology and Human Evolution

ANTH 212 Culture, Food, and Health

ANTH 235 The Great Apes

ANTH 335 Primate Behavior

Ph.D. Iowa State University 2014

M.A. Iowa State University 2006

B.G.S. University of Kansas 2002




primate behavior, ecology, nutrition, conservation, hunting, food sharing, tool use, biological corridors, ethnoprimatology, predation, competition, Senegal, Costa Rica

Dr. Lindshield’s research intersects the theoretical, empirical, and applied domains of biological anthropology. She investigates how and why foraging behavior reflects the sociopolitical strategies of female chimpanzees in savanna-woodland environments. Professor Lindshield has active research projects in Senegal at Mount Assirik in Niokolo-Koba National Park and Fongoli. Her current work addresses nutritional facets of hunting, meat eating, and meat sharing behaviors. In addition, Lindshield assesses the impact of gold mining on biological corridors and chimpanzee health in Senegal, and evaluates biological corridor networks for the conservation and management of Costa Rican primates. Support for her research is provided by the National Science Foundation, the Leakey Foundation, the Rufford Small Grant Foundation, the Margot Marsh Foundation, and Primate Conservation, Inc.


Provisionally Accepted. Pruetz, J.D., Bogart, S.L., Lindshield, S.M., & Walkup, K.R. Feeding related tool use in primates – a systematic overview. In: J. Lambert & J. Rothman (Eds.), Primate Diet and Nutrition: Needing, Finding, and Using Food. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

2022 Narváez Rivera GM, Lindshield S. Assessing the importance of artificial canopy bridge design for Costa Rican monkeys in an experimental setting. Folia Primatologica 93: 397-417. DOI: 10.1163/14219980-20211104.

2022 Fan Y, Lindshield S. Exploring human factors of wildlife conservation along a forest gap using a participatory design-build monkey bridge. Folia Primatologica 93: 437-452. DOI: 10.1163/14219980-20211114.

2022 N’da KM, Dahourou LD, Ndiaye PI, Lindshield S, Gbati OB, Traore A. Gastrointestinal parasites of baboons (Papio papio) in Niokolo Koba National Park, Senegal. Open Veterinary Journal 12: 481-488. DOI: 10.5455/OVJ.2022.v12.i4.9.

2022 Sylla SF, Ndiaye PI, Lindshield S, Bogart SL, Pruetz JD. The western chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) in the Antenna Zone (Niokolo Koba National Park, Sénégal): Nesting ecology and sympatric mammals. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 20: 2663-2681. DOI: 10.15666/aeer/2003_26632681.

2022 Aureli F, Hutschenreiter A, Araya D, Arévalo-Huezo E, Avila Atagua T, Boiledieu C, González Gallina A, Lindshield S, Narváez Rivera GM, Rufrey V, Thurber M, Spaan D. Do spider monkeys use faunal overpasses to cross linear infrastructure? Folia Primatologica 93: 361-370. DOI: 10.1163/14219980-20211204.

2021 Lindshield S, Hernandez-Aguilar RA, Korstjens AH, Marchant LF, Narat V, Ndiaye PI, Ogawa H, Piel AK, Pruetz JD, Stewart FA, van Leeuwen KL, Wessling EG, Yoshikawa M. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in savanna landscapes. Evolutionary Anthropology 30: 399-420. DOI: 10.1002/evan.21924.

2021 Moore J, Balbuena D, Cheyne SM, Carrasco-Rueda F, Whitworth A, Forget PM, Olson ER, Beirne C, Bowler M, Lindshield S, Haysom J, Martin JG. Gregory T. The Potential and Practice of Arboreal Camera Trapping. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 12: 1768-1779 DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.13666.

2021 Lindshield SM, Rothman JM, Ortmann S, Pruetz JD. Western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) access a nutritionally balanced, high energy, and abundant food, baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit, with extractive foraging and reingestion. American Journal of Primatology. 83: e23307. DOI: 10.1002/AJP.23307.

2021 Lindshield SM, Narváez Rivera GM. Primate conservation. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Anthropology.

2020 Pruetz JD, Bogart SL, Lindshield SM. 2020. Extractive foraging in an extreme environment: Tool and proto-tool use by chimpanzees at Fongoli, Senegal. In: Hopper LM, Ross SR (eds). Chimpanzees in context: A comparative perspective on chimpanzee behavior, cognition, conservation, and welfare. University of Chicago Press. pp. 391-409.

2020 Marchant LF, Wessling EG, Lindshield SM. 2020. Introduction to the special issue on savanna chimpanzees. International Journal of Primatology 41: 767-774. DOI: 10.1007/s10764-020-00188-x.

2019 Lindshield S, Bogart SL, Gueye M, Ndiaye PI, Pruetz JD. 2019. Informing protection efforts for critically endangered chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) and sympatric mammals amidst rapid growth of extractive industries in Senegal. Folia Primatologica 90: 124–136. DOI: 10.1159/000496145.

2018. Ndiaye, P.I., Badji, L., Lindshield, S.M., Pruetz, J.D. Nest-building behavior by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in the non-protected area of Diaguiri (Kedougou, Senegal): Implications for conservation. Folia Primatologica 89(5): 316-326. DOI:10.1159/000490945.

2018. Ndiaye, P.I., Lindshield, S.M., Badji, L., Pacheco, L., Wessling, E., Boyer-Ontl, K.M., Pruetz, & J.D. Survey of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) outside of protected areas in southeastern Senegal. African Journal of Wildlife Research 48(1): 013007.

2018. Badji, L., Ndiaye, P.I., Lindshield, S.M., Ba, C.T. & Pruetz, J. Savanna chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) nesting ecology at Bagnomba (Kedougou, Senegal). Primates 59: 235-241.

2017. Lindshield, S.M., Danielson, B., Rothman, J.R., & Pruetz, J.P. Feeding in fear: How adult male western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) adjust to predation and savanna habitat pressures. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 163: 480-496.

2017. Pruetz, J.D., Boyer-Ontl, K., Cleaveland, E., Lindshield, S.M., Marshack, J., & Wessling, E. Within-group lethal aggression in West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus): Inferred killing of a former alpha male at Fongoli, Senegal. International Journal of Primatology 38: 51-57.

2017. Lindshield, S.M. Behavioral flexibility. In: A. Fuentes (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Primatology. Wiley-Blackwell.

2017. Lindshield, S.M. Behavioral repertoire. In: A. Fuentes (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Primatology. Wiley-Blackwell.

2016. Lindshield, S.M. Protecting nonhuman primates in peri-urban environments: A case study of Neotropical monkeys, corridor ecology, and coastal economy in the Caribe Sur of Costa Rica.” In: M. Waller (Ed.), Ethnoprimatology: Primate Conservation in the 21st Century (pp. 351-369). Springer.

2015. Pruetz, J.D., Boyer-Ontl, K., Lindshield, S.M., Shelley, M., Wessling, E., & Bertolani, P. New evidence on the tool-assisted hunting exhibited by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in a savannah habitat at Fongoli, Senegal. Royal Society Open Science 2:140507.

2012. Pruetz, J.D., Ballahira, R., Camara, W., Lindshield, S.M., Marshack, J.L., Olson, A., Sahdiako, M., & Villalobos-Flores, U. Update on the Assirik chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) population in Niokolo Koba National Park, Senegal. Pan Africa News 19(1).

2012. Pruetz, J.D., Lindshield, S.M. Plant food and tool transfer in savanna chimpanzees at Fongoli, Senegal. Primates 53:133-145.

2009. Lindshield, S.M., Rodrigues, M.A. Tool use in wild spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Primates 50: 269-272.